School board members are responsible for broad, futuristic thinking, minute analysis and decisive action in all areas that affect students and staff in their schools. Some roles and responsibilities are implicit. Others are specifically mandated (A.R.S. §15-341) or allowed (§15-342) by Arizona law. Everything board members do is focused on providing the best education possible for the children in their community.
Set the Direction
The governing board, with extensive involvement from the staff and community, is responsible for envisioning the future of the public schools in their community. After setting the vision and mission for the district, the governing board works collaboratively to establish strategic goals to move the organization toward the community’s vision for its schools.
Establish the Structure
Board policies and goals establish the structure and create the environment for
ensuring that all students are served. The superintendent uses the structure
established by the board to manage operations on a day-to-day basis. Although
the superintendent may suggest changes to policies, only the board as a whole
has the legal authority to adopt policy.
The board provides support to its organization by ensuring that resources are
adequate and aligned to meet established goals. Support also is provided by
recognizing and encouraging excellence throughout the organization.
As the community’s representative in the local schools, the board is responsible for ensuring that the schools are well run – that resources are used wisely and that high standards for academic performance are set. The board as a whole must monitor performance to meet established goals – academic, financial and operational.
Advocate for Students
One of the board’s most important roles is to be the ambassador for public education in the community. As individuals, each board member can help communicate the ways in which their local schools are supporting student educational needs, parent and community aspirations, and state and federal standards. Together, the board also can demonstrate that an atmosphere of collaboration and respect is the most conducive environment for providing the best education for children in the community.
Abide by a Code of Ethics
A code of ethics for board members is included in the policies adopted by most
school boards for their districts, and it is incumbent on individual board
members to follow it.
Mandatory duties of school boards are defined in A.R.S. §15-341. Discretionary powers are defined in A.R.S. §15-342. Specific responsibilities of school boards may relate to employment, purchasing, budget preparation, students and policies. They may include:
o Hiring and evaluating the
o Providing guidance in the
development of the budget to ensure funding needed to meet board established
o Approving the budget
o Monitoring the budget
o Setting salaries for
o Approving purchases
o Establishing and
o Approving curriculum
o Adopting the school
o Reviewing regulations for
compliance with policy
o Approving personnel actions based on the superintendent’s recommendation
o Closing or constructing
o Assessing board
o Monitoring progress
What School Board Members and Boards DON’T Do
School board members do not:
o Implement policy; school
boards make policy and superintendents carry it out.
o Manage the day-to-day
operations of the school district; school boards see to it that the district is
managed by professionals.
o Evaluate staff, other
than the superintendent, nor do they become involved in employment interviews,
other than those for superintendent.